After months spent on board a ship which had been boarded from Millbank Prison, on the Thames in London, the convicts sailed into Sydney Cove and were sent to the Hyde Park Barracks, an imposing Georgian building designed by ex-convict architect Francis Greenaway. On arrival, the convicts were given a set of garments called 'slops' which were all branded with the infamous arrow symbol and the letters 'PB' for Prison Barracks. This was in case any of them tried to escape through the streets of Sydney.
They men were also given hats to wear, and at first they were given black leather hats which were leftovers from the British Army (during the Napoleonic Wars). But, these were hot and sticky in the heat of Sydney and did not provide any shade. Eventually, the convicts were taught by local Aborigines, how to use the local grasses and they began to produce straw hats, which became an iconic symbol of the convicts. there was even an ex-convict gang called the Straw Hat Rush, which roamed the streets of Sydney.
Female convicts were given a